Technical standards are a group of minimum expectations that incorporate observation, communication, cognitive, behavioral, and motor skills, as recommended by the Society of Diagnostic Medical Sonography. These expectations are set forth so that the DMS student can perform the common duties of the diagnostic medical sonographer. Students must verify that they meet the technical standards described within at the time of matriculation into the program.

The DMS program at GCC complies with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). Any student requiring adjustments should contact Student Accessibility Services at 203-285-2231 (Room S202) to coordinate reasonable adjustments.


  • Distinguish multiple shades of gray in order to differentiate normal tissue from abnormal pathologies, as well as have ability to detect different color distinctions.
  • Observe sonographers demonstrating scanning skills and patient manipulations.
  • Observe patients both near and far in an environment with limited lighting.
  • Have the visual ability to read electronic and paper charts, evaluate images, and observe the condition of the patient.
  • Adequately view sonograms, have the ability to perceive small details as well as discriminate subtle differences.


  • Communicate in English (verbally and in writing) to patients and other interprofessional healthcare workers.
  • Hear and communicate instructions and explanations to patients in a clear and compassionate manner, and be able to perceive nonverbal communication.
  • Recognize and respond to an urgent or emergency situation.
  • Read and analyze patient chart and exam requisition for pertinent information.


  • Implement critical thinking skills in clinical and lab settings.
  • Demonstrate problem-solving skills by recognizing problems, instituting solutions, and assessing outcomes.
  • Integrate, analyze, and compare images.
  • Comprehend multidimensional and spatial relationships of anatomy.


  • Be organized and perform protocols in a specific sequence.
  • Learn by a variety of methods which includes, classroom, lab, groups, individual, and computer.
  • Display professional behaviors in all interactions with patients, students, interprofessional healthcare workers, and instructors in the clinical, lab, and college settings.
  • Adapt to changing environments.
  • Accept constructive feedback from others and implement change learned from feedback.
  • Understand the implication of noncompliance with the legal standards.
  • Maintain good judgment to complete responsibilities as required.


  • Be able to bend or stoop for equipment manipulation repetitively.
  • Be able to lift 50 lbs. routinely.
  • Stand for long periods of time, up to 80%.
  • Push or pull large pieces of equipment.
  • Have full use of hands, wrists and shoulders for scanning and equipment manipulation.
  • Manipulate equipment controls in various increments to create diagnostic images.
  • Bend at the waist.
  • Reach equipment keyboard, controls, and screen.
  • Maintain arm and hand positions for periods of time for various scanning protocols.
  • Have good hand and eye coordination to correctly examine organs and document images.